Coastal Clean Up sebagai Upaya Penguatan Strategi Pengelolaan Kawasan Konservasi Pesisir dan Pulau-pulau Kecil (KKP3K) Paloh Kalimantan Barat

Agus Yuliono(1*), Ikha Safitri(2), Mega Sari Juane Sofiana(3), Hendro Susanto(4), Zulfian(5),

(1) Universitas Tanjungpura
(2) Universitas Tanjungpura
(3) Universitas Tanjungpura
(4) Yayasan WWF-Indonesia
(5) Kelompok Masyarakat Wahana Bahari Paloh, Kalimantan Barat
(*) Corresponding Author



Conservation, KKP3K Paloh, Turtle, Coastal clean up


Paloh District is a coastal area which directly borders to Sarawak (Malaysia) and the Natuna Sea. This area has the potential for marine and coastal resources, such as mangrove ecosystems, coral reefs and turtles, so it has been designated as one of the conservation areas in West Kalimantan. To date, in the management of KKP3K Paloh, there are still many challenges, one of them is plastic waste contamination. Plastic waste is a global and very complex problem, because it can have a negative impact on biota, ecosystems and human health. The results of a report from BKSDA in collaboration with the WWF-Indonesia Foundation, found that 21 young turtles were died on Paloh Beach, West Kalimantan due to plastic waste was found in their digestive tract. Plastic accumulation in the aquatic environment occurs when the rate of input of plastic pollution into an area exceeds the rate of natural removal processes. Therefore, it is needed an action to reduce the amount of plastic waste accumulated in coastal and marine areas. This activity aimed to reduce the amount of plastic waste on Sungai Belacan Beach, Paloh District, West Kalimantan. Apart from that, this activity was an effort to strengthen the management strategy for the Coastal and Small Islands Conservation Area (KKP3K) in Paloh, West Kalimantan. Community Service Activities were carried out at Sungai Belacan Beach. The results found the waste types consisting of plastic bottles, glass bottles, medicine bottles, drink cups/packaging, food and beauty product packaging, stereofoam, plastic bags and ropes, fishermen's fishing gear, and wood. Plastic waste has the highest percentage (95%), then wood waste (3%), and other types of waste (2%).


Download data is not yet available.


Alomar, C. & Deudero, S. (2017). Evidence of Microplastic Ingestion in the Shark Galeus melastomus Rafinesque, 1810 in the Continental Shelf off the Western Mediterranean Sea. Environmental Pollution, 223, 223-229.

Andrady, A.L. (2015). Plastics and Environmental Sustainability. Adjunct Professor Chemical and Biomoleculer Engrineering North Carolina State University.

Badan Pusat Statistik Kabupaten Sambas. (2018). Kabupaten Sambas dalam Angka 2018. BPS Kabupaten Sambas.

Badan Standardisasi Nasional. SNI 19-2454-2002 tentang Tata Cara Teknik Operasional Pengelolaan Sampah Perkotaan.

Badan Nasional Penanggulangan Bencana. (2023). Data Pengelolaan Persampahan di Kabupaten Sambas Tahun 2021 Menurut Kecamatan.

Borrelle, S.B., Ringma, J., Law, K.L., Monnahan, C.C., Lebreton, L., McGivern, A., Murphy, E., Jambeck, J., Leonard, G.H., Hilleary, M.A., Eriksen, M., Possingham, H.P., De Frond, H., Gerber, L.R., Polidoro, B., Tahir, A., Bernard, M., Mallos, N., Barnes, M., & Rochman, C.M. (2020). Predicted Growth in Plastic Waste Exceeds Efforts to Mitigate Plastic Pollution. Science, 369(6510),1515-1518.

Browne, M.A., Dissanayake, A., Galloway, T.S., Lowe, D.M. & Thompson, R.C. (2008). Ingested Microscopic Plastic Translocates to The Circulatory System of the Mussel, Mytilus edulis. Environmental Science and Technology, 42(13), 5026-5031.

Beaumont, N.J., Aanesen, M., Austen, M.C., Börger, T., Clark, J.R., Cole, M., Hooper, T., Lindeque, P.K., Pascoe, C., & Wyles, K.J. (2019). Global Ecological, Social and Economic Impacts of Marine Plastic. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 142, 189-195.

Cordova, M.R. & Wahyudi, A.J. (2016). Microplastic in the Deep-Sea Sediment of Southwestern Sumatran Waters. Marine Research in Indonesia, 41(1), 27– 35.

Cordova, M.R. & Nurhati, I.S. (2019). Sumber Utama dan Variasi Bulanan dalam Pelepasan Sampah Laut yang Berasal dari Darat dari Wilayah Jabodetabek, Indonesia. Sci. Rep., 9, 18730.

Crawford, C.B., & Quinn, B. (2016). Microplastic Pollutants. Elsevier Limited.

Dinas Kelautan dan Perikanan Provinsi Kalimantan Barat. (2019). Rencana Pengelolaan dan Zonasi Kawasan Konservasi Pesisir dan Pulau-Pulau Kecil (KKP3K) Paloh dan Perairan Sekitarnya.

Direktorat Konservasi Kawasan dan Jenis Ikan Direktorat Jenderal Kelautan, Pesisir dan Pulau-Pulau Kecil Kementerian Kelautan dan Perikanan. (2014). Suplemen 3 E-KKP3K Panduan Penyusunan Rencana Pengelolaan dan Zonasi Kawasan Konservasi Perairan, Pesisir dan Pulau-Pulau Kecil. 107 pp.

Foley, C.J., Feiner, Z.S., Malinich, T.D. & Höök, T.O. (2018). A Metaanalysis of the Effects of Exposure to Microplastics on Fish and Aquatic Invertebrates. Science of the Total Environment, 631, 550-559.

Gill, Y.Q., Khurshid, M., Abid, U., & Ijaz, M.W. (2022). Review of Hospital Plastic Waste Management Strategies for Pakistan. Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 29, 9408–9421.

Gorrasi, G., Sorrentino, A., & Lichtfouse, E. (2021). Back to Plastic Pollution in COVID Times. Environ Chem Lett, 19(1), 1-4.

Gwada, B., Ogendi, G., Makindi, S.M., & Trott, S. (2019). Composition of plastic waste discarded by households and its management approaches. Global J. Environ. Sci. Manage., 5(1), 83-94.

Hafizd, E.S., Purnaini, R., & Utomo, K.P. (2021). Pemantauan Sampah Laut di Pantai Belacan Kecamatan Paloh Kabupaten Sambas. Jurnal Rekayasa Lingkungan Tropis, 2(1), 1-10.

Jeyasanta, K.I., Sathish, N., Patterson, J., & Edward, J.K.P. (2020). Macro-, Meso- and Microplastic Debris in the Beaches of Tuticorin District, Southeast Coast of India. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 154, 111055.

Jovanovic, B. (2017). Ingestion of Microplastics by Fish and Its Potential Consequences from A Physical Perspective. Integrated Environmental Assessment and Management, 13(3), 510-515.

Keputusan Menteri Kelautan dan Perikanan Nomor 93/KEPMEN-KP/2020 Tahun 2020 tentang Kawasan Konservasi Pesisir dan Pulau-Pulau Kecil Paloh dan Perairan Sekitarnya di Provinsi Kalimantan Barat.

Lau, W.W.Y., Shiran, Y., Bailey, R.M., Cook, E., Stuchtey, M.R., Koskella, J., Velis, C.A., Godfrey, L., Boucher, J., Murphy, M.B., Thompson, R.C., Jankowska, E., Castillo Castillo, A., Pilditch, T.D., Dixon, B., Koerselman, L., Kosior, E., Favoino, E., Gutberlet, J., Baulch, S., Atreya, M.E., Fischer, D., He, K.K., Petit, M.M., Sumaila, U.R., Neil, E., Bernhofen, M.V., Lawrence, K., & Palardy, J.E. (2020). Evaluating Scenarios Toward Zero Plastic Pollution. Science, 369(6510), 1455-1461.

Lusher, A.L., Tirelli, V., O’Connor, I. & Officer, R. (2015). Microplastics in Arctic Polar Waters: the First Reported Values of Particles in Surface and Sub-Surface Samples. Scientific Reports, 5(1), 1-9.

MacLeod, M., Arp, H.P.H., Tekman, M.B., & Jahnke, A. (2021). The Global Threat from Plastic Pollution. Science, 1-16.

Ncube, L.K., Ude, A.U., Ogunmuyiwa, E.N., Zulkifli, R., & Beas, I.N. (2020). Environmental Impact of Food Packaging Materials: A Review of Contemporary Development from Conventional Plastics to Polylactic Acid Based Materials. Materials (Basel), 13(21), 4994.

Nelms, S.E., Galloway, T.S., Godley, B.J., Jarvis, D.S. & Lindeque, P.K. (2018). Investigating Microplastic Trophic Transfer in Marine Top Predators. Environmental Pollution, 238, 999-1007.

Pham, C.K., Rodríguez, Y., Dauphin, A., Carriço, R., Frias, J.P.G.L., Vandeperre, F., Otero, V., Santos, M.R., Martins, H.R., Bolten, A.B., & Bjorndal, K.A. (2017). Plastic Ingestion in Oceanic-Stage Loggerhead Sea Turtles (Caretta caretta) off the North Atlantic Subtropical Gyre. Mar. Pollut. Bull., 121(1-2), 222-229.

plasticEurope. (2020). Plastic The Facts 2022: An Analysis of Eruopean Plastics Production, Demand and Waste Data.

Sazli, D., Nassouhi, D., Ergönül, M.B., & Atasagun, S. (2023). A Comprehensive Review on Microplastic Pollution in Aquatic Ecosystems And Their Effects on Aquatic Biota. Aquatic Sciences and Engineering, 12-46.

Schuyler, Q.A., Hardesty, B.D., Wilcox, C., & Townsend, K. (2012). To Eat or Not to Eat? Debris Selectivity by Marine Turtles. PLoS One, 7(7), e40884.

Schuyler, Q.A., Wilcox, C., Townsend, K.A., Wedemeyer-Strombel, K.R., Balazs, G., van Sebille, E., & Hardesty, B.D. (2015). Risk Analysis Reveals Global Hotspots for Marine Debris Ingestion by Sea Turtles. Global Change Biology.

Setälä, O., Fleming-Lehtinen, V. & Lehtiniemi, M. (2014). Ingestion and Transfer of Microplastics in the Planktonic Food Web. Environmental Pollution, 185, 77-83.

Takarina, N.D., Purwiyanto, A.I.S., Rasud, A.A., Arifin, A.A., & Suteja, Y. (2022). Microplastic Abundance and Distribution in Surface Water and Sediment Collected from the Coastal Area. Global Journal of Environmental Science and Management, 8(2), 183–196.

The World Bank. (2021). Plastic Waste Discharges from Rivers and Coastlines in Indonesia. Marine Plastics Series, East Asia and Pacific Region. Washington DC.

Tomás, J., Guitart, R., Mateo, R., & Raga, J.A. (2002). Marine Debris Ingestion in Loggerhead Sea Turtles, Caretta caretta, from The Western Mediterranean. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 44(3), 211-216.

Turner, A., Holmes, L., Thompson, R.C., & Fisher, A.S. (2020). Metals and Marine Microplastics: Adsorption from the Environment Versus Addition During Manufacture Exemplified with Lead. University of Plymouth, Faculty of Science and Engineering.

Undang-undang (UU) Nomor 18 Tahun 2008 tentang Pengelolaan Sampah.

Versino, F., Ortega, F., Monroy, Y., Rivero, S., López, O.V., & García, M.A. (2023). Sustainable and Bio-Based Food Packaging: A Review on Past and Current Design Innovations. Foods, 12(5), 1057.

Wardhana, M.R.S., Kushadiwijayanto, A.A., & Nurrahman, Y.A. (2023). Kondisi Macro Debris di Pantai Kampak Sungai Belacan Kecamatan Paloh Kalimantan Barat. Oseanologia, 48-57.

Yong, C.Q.Y., Valiyaveettil, S. & Tang, B.L. (2020). Toxicity of Microplastics and Nanoplastics in Mammalian Systems. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 17(5), 1509.

Zhao, S., Ward, J.E., Danley, M., & Mincer, T.J. (2018). Field-based Evidence for Microplastic in Marine Aggregates and Mussels: Implications for Trophic Transfer. Environmental Science & Technology, 52(19), 11038–11048.




How to Cite

Yuliono, A., Safitri, I., Sofiana, M. S. J., Susanto, H., & Zulfian, Z. (2024). Coastal Clean Up sebagai Upaya Penguatan Strategi Pengelolaan Kawasan Konservasi Pesisir dan Pulau-pulau Kecil (KKP3K) Paloh Kalimantan Barat. Journal of Community Development, 4(3), 333–343.




Similar Articles

You may also start an advanced similarity search for this article.